On the night of October 3rd, 1943, the house was hit by numerous high-explosive and fire bombs. Even the iron framework of the stage was melted by the heat. the rebuilding of the Residence Theatre in 1951 had already exhausted the financial resources to hand, so that the Parliament was against the reconstruction of the National Theatre. City planners wanted to make more room in the city center for traffic, and therefore hoped to clear away the ruins of the theatre altogether. Fearing this, citizens under their own initiative formed the group "Friends of the National Theatre, Inc." in 1952; they finally managed to gain popular support and to raise the necessary funds.
Finally, in 1954, a competition was held to design a new building; one initially did not even think of reconstructing the original National Theatre. In the end, however, the Ministry of Culture opted to develop a design by Gerhard Graubner. Working together with the governmental Building Director, Karl Fischer, he came up with variations on the plans which, ultimately, made a reconstruction of the original building seem possible.
One then envisioned a reconstruction of Karl von Fischer's original theatre, purified of the alterations introduced during Leo von Klenze's reconstruction and of other changes made in the 19th century. the rebuilding of the theatre took five years and cost, in the end, 62 million marks. On november 21st, 1963, the ensemble, having preformed in the meantime at the Prinzregententheater, could resettle in their old house.