Throughout the villages the Germans have begun new mass arrests. Last night they came for teacher Bohun in Czarnystok. He started a fight and wounded a gendarme, but then he was killed. Some people say he killed himself; others, that the gendarme shot him.
More people are fleeing from the east. I talked with a clerk from the county office in Ostrog. He arrived in Szczebrzeszyn this morning. He gave me more details about the situation.
The Russians are only 200 km away from us, in a straight line. For the motorized units this is only a few hours. All cities in the Wolyn region are in a state of evacuation, but so far most of the Polish population has decided to stay. Only employees of city offices, policemen, and particularly Volksdeutsch are moving out quickly. Also doing the same are people who are known as German sympathizers and informers, all the people who are afraid of the future, when the Russians will arrive.
The overall feeling is that this time the Germans are unable to stop the Russian offensive. In the German administration and also the German military you can see complete chaos. Germany is already finished. Their might is breaking apart and the time for the end is near. This is an all-embracing feeling, but the people who are more realistic are still counting on very difficult days.
I myself feel and hope that Germany will capitulate before the Russian armies arrive in our area, and in this way we will be spared street fighting.
In my hospital no one is planning to evacuate and go west with the Germans. From experience I am sure that during the critical time some will escape, but the majority will stay on the job.
In case of bombardment and street fighting, the most difficult task will be keeping everyone in line. This is the time I am most afraid of.
In our commune, all Dorffuhrers drafted a detailed list of all Volksdeutscb, including ages, for city hall. I am sure it was prepared in connection with drafting all Germans into the military service. The gendarmes are working on a list of Polish men.