MSNBC - How Bush Blew It
: It's a standing joke among the president's top aides: who gets to deliver the bad news?... The bad news on... Aug. 30... was that the president would have to cut short his five-week vacation.... The president's chief of staff, Andrew Card; his deputy chief of staff, Joe Hagin; his counselor, Dan Bartlett, and his spokesman, Scott McClellan, held a conference call to discuss... the delicate task of telling him. Hagin, it was decided, as senior aide on the ground, would do the deed....
President Bush knew the storm and its consequences had been bad; but he didn't quite realize how bad. The reality, say several aides who did not wish to be quoted because it might displease the president, did not really sink in until Thursday night. Some White House staffers... thought the president needed to see.... Counselor Bartlett made up a DVD of the newscasts so Bush could see them in their entirety as he flew down to the Gulf Coast the next morning on Air Force One.
How this could be--how the president of the United States could have even less "situational awareness," as they say in the military, than the average American about the worst natural disaster in a century--is one of the more perplexing and troubling chapters in a story that... ranks as a national disgrace....
It is not clear what President Bush does read or watch.... Bush... equates disagreement with disloyalty. After five years in office, he is surrounded largely by people who agree with him.... Most presidents keep a devil's advocate around.... When Hurricane Katrina struck, it appears there was no one to tell President Bush the plain truth: that the state and local governments had been overwhelmed, that the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) was not up to the job and that the military, the only institution with the resources to cope, couldn't act without a declaration from the president overriding all other authority.... On Tuesday, within 24 hours of the storm's arrival, Bush needed to be able to imagine the scenes of disorder and misery that would, two days later, shock him when he watched the evening news....
Bush and his advisers in his "war cabinet" have always been action-oriented.... But this time "Rummy" opposed sending in active-duty troops as cops. Dick Cheney, who was vacationing in Wyoming when the storm hit, characteristically kept his counsel on videoconferences; his private advice is not known.... The inner thoughts and motivations of Bush and his top advisers are impossible to know for certain.... A NEWSWEEK reconstruction of the government's response to the storm shows how Bush's leadership style and the bureaucratic culture combined to produce a disaster within a disaster....
The FEMA man found a phone, but he had trouble reaching senior officials in Washington. When he finally got someone on the line, the city officials kept hearing him say, "You don't understand, you don't understand." Around New Orleans, three levees had overtopped or were broken. The city was doomed. There was no way the water could be stopped. But, incredibly, the seriousness of the situation did not really register, not only in Washington, but at the state emergency command post upriver in Baton Rouge.... Gov. Kathleen Babineaux Blanco, a motherly but steely figure known by the nickname Queen Bee, knew that she needed help. But she wasn't quite sure what. At about 8 p.m., she spoke to Bush. "Mr. President," she said, "we need your help. We need everything you've got."... There are a number of steps Bush could have taken, short of a full-scale federal takeover, like ordering the military to take over the pitiful and (by now) largely broken emergency communications system throughout the region. But the president, who was in San Diego preparing to give a speech the next day on the war in Iraq, went to bed.
By the predawn hours [of Tuesday, eighteen hours after it had happened], most state and federal officials finally realized that the 17th Street Canal levee had been breached, and that the city was in serious trouble. Bush was told at 5 a.m. Pacific Coast time.... To his senior advisers, living in the insular presidential bubble, the mere act of lopping off a couple of presidential vacation days counts as a major event. They could see pitfalls in sending Bush to New Orleans immediately.... Bush blithely proceeded with the rest of his schedule for the day, accepting a gift guitar at one event and pretending to riff like Tom Cruise in "Risky Business."...
At emergency headquarters in Baton Rouge, confusion raged. Though more than 100,000 of its residents had no way to get out of the city on their own, New Orleans had no real evacuation plan, save to tell people to go to the Superdome and wait for buses. On Tuesday, the state was rounding up buses; no, FEMA was; no, FEMA's buses would take too long to get there.... On Tuesday afternoon, Governor Blanco took her second trip to the Superdome and was shocked by the rising tide of desperation.... Early Wednesday morning, Blanco tried to call Bush. She was transferred around the White House for a while until she ended up on the phone with Fran Townsend, the president's Homeland Security adviser, who tried to reassure her but did not have many specifics....
By Tuesday morning (and even before the storm) the military was moving supplies, ships, boats, helicopters and troops toward the Gulf Coast. But, ironically, the scale of the effort slowed it.... By the week after the storm, the military had mobilized some 70,000 troops and hundreds of helicopters—-but it took at least two days and usually four and five to get them into the disaster area....
The one federal agency that is supposed to handle disasters—-FEMA—-was dysfunctional. On Wednesday morning, Senator Landrieu was standing outside the chaotic Superdome and asked to borrow a FEMA official's phone to call her office in Washington. "It didn't work," she told news-week. "I thought to myself, 'This isn't going to be pretty'." Once a kind of petty-cash drawer for congressmen to quickly hand out aid after floods and storms, FEMA had improved in the 1990s in the Clinton administration.... [Albaugh's] college buddy Mike Brown, whose last private-sector job (omitted from his official resume) had been supervising horse-show judges for the International Arabian Horse Association. After praising Brown ("Brownie, you're doing a heck of job"), Bush last week removed him from honchoing the Katrina relief operation. He was replaced by Coast Guard Vice Adm. Thad Allen. The Coast Guard was one agency that performed well, rescuing thousands.
Bad news rarely flows up in bureaucracies. For most of those first few days, Bush was hearing what a good job the Feds were doing. Bush likes "metrics," numbers to measure performance, so the bureaucrats gave him reassuring statistics. At a press availability on Wednesday, Bush duly rattled them off: there were 400 trucks transporting 5.4 million meals and 13.4 million liters of water along with 3.4 million pounds of ice. Yet it was obvious to anyone watching TV that New Orleans had turned into a Third World hellhole.
The denial and the frustration finally collided aboard Air Force One on Friday. As the president's plane sat on the tarmac at New Orleans airport, a confrontation occurred that was described by one participant as "as blunt as you can get without the Secret Service getting involved." Governor Blanco was there, along with various congressmen and senators and Mayor Nagin (who took advantage of the opportunity to take a shower aboard the plane). One by one, the lawmakers listed their grievances as Bush listened. Rep. Bobby Jindal, whose district encompasses New Orleans, told of a sheriff who had called FEMA for assistance. According to Jindal, the sheriff was told to e-mail his request, "and the guy was sitting in a district underwater and with no electricity," Jindal said, incredulously. "How does that make any sense?" Jindal later told NEWSWEEK that "almost everybody" around the conference table had a similar story about how the federal response "just wasn't working." With each tale, "the president just shook his head, as if he couldn't believe what he was hearing," says Jindal, a conservative Republican and Bush appointee who lost a close race to Blanco. Repeatedly, the president turned to his aides and said, "Fix it."...
The meeting broke up. Bush and Blanco disappeared to talk. More than a week later, there was still no agreement. Blanco didn't want to give up her authority, and Bush didn't press. Jindal suggested that Bush appoint Colin Powell as a kind of relief czar, and Bush replied, "I'll take that into consideration." Bush does not like to fire people. He told Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff to go down to Louisiana and sort out the various problems. A day later FEMA's Brown was on his way back to Washington.
Late last week, Bush was, by some accounts, down and angry. But another Bush aide described the atmosphere inside the White House as "strangely surreal and almost detached." At one meeting described by this insider, officials were oddly self-congratulatory, perhaps in an effort to buck each other up. Life inside a bunker can be strange....
Mike Allen is also late to the party with a story on Bush administration decision making that he too could have written... anytime in the past four and a half years:
TIME.com Print Page: TIME Magazine -- Living Too Much in the Bubble?
: Longtime Bush watchers say they are not shocked that he missed his
moment--one of his most trusted confidants calls him "a better third-
and fourth-quarter player," who focuses and delivers when he sees the
stakes. What surprised them was that he still appeared to be
stutter-stepping in the second week of the crisis, struggling to make
up for past lapses instead of taking control with a grand gesture.
Just as Katrina exposed the lurking problems of race and poverty, it
also revealed the limitations of Bush's rigid, top-down approach to
the presidency. "The extremely highly centralized control of the
government--the engine of Bush's success--failed him this time," a
key adviser said....
[H]e did not immediately show that he sensed its
magnitude. On the Monday that Hurricane Katrina landed and the
Crescent City began drowning, Bush was joshing with Senator John
McCain on the tarmac of an Air Force base in Arizona, posing with a
melting birthday cake. Like a scene out of a Michael Moore
mockumentary, he was heading into a long-planned Medicare round table
at a local country club, joking that he had "spiced up" his entourage
by bringing the First Lady, then noting to the audience that he had
phoned Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff from Air Force
One. "I said, 'Are you working with the Governor?'" Bush recounted. "He said, 'You bet we are.'" But the President was not talking about
the killer storm. He was talking about immigration, and the Governor
From tarmac to Cabinet room, the President's performance was uneven
at the very least, and associates say that can be explained by
several factors.... his elongated summer
vacation... five weeks... pressure
on White House officials to take only the most vital decisions to
Bush and let the bureaucracy deal with everything else. Bush does not
appear to tap sources deep inside his government for information, the
way his father or Bill Clinton did, preferring to get reports through
channels. A highly screened information chain is fine when everything
is going well, but in a crisis it can hinder. Louisiana officials say
it took hours for Governor Kathleen Babineaux Blanco to reach Bush
(although when she did, he talked to her soothingly, according to
White House officials). "His inner circle takes pride in being able
to tell him 'everything is under control,' when in this case it was
not," said a former aide. "The whole idea that you have to only
burden him with things 'that rise to his level' bit them this time."
A related factor, aides and outside allies concede, is what many of
them see as the President's increasing isolation. Bush's bubble has
grown more hermetic in the second term, they say, with fewer people
willing or able to bring him bad news--or tell him when he's wrong....
A youngish aide who is a Bush
favorite described the perils of correcting the boss. "The first time
I told him he was wrong, he started yelling at me," the aide recalled
about a session during the first term. "Then I showed him where he
was wrong, and he said, 'All right. I understand. Good job.' He
patted me on the shoulder. I went and had dry heaves in the
bathroom."... His chief of staff, Andrew Card, has never been mistaken
for James Baker.... Bush has filled a number of lesser spots
around the government with political hacks and patronage
candidates--most embarrassingly Michael Brown, director of the
Federal Emergency Management Agency (fema), who was yanked from
on-site supervision of Katrina on Friday.
"Katrina has shown the incredible weakness of the notion that you can
have weak players in key spots because the only people who matter are
in the White House," said a lobbyist who is tight with the
Administration. "You can't have a Mike Brown at fema unless you can
guarantee that there isn't going to be a catastrophe." The result is a kind of echo chamber in which good news can prevail
over bad--4even when there is a surfeit of evidence to the contrary. For example, a source tells TIME that four days after Katrina struck,
Bush himself briefed his father and former President Clinton in a way
that left too rosy an impression of the progress made. "It bore no
resemblance to what was actually happening," said someone familiar
with the presentation....
Impeach George W. Bush. Impeach him now.