Econ 115: Fall 2009: Lecture Audio Files: Before World War I
links for 2009-09-18

Background in World History for Econ 115: 101 Events and 101 Videos/Pictures

You should know all about these *before* you start taking this course--but if you don't, take a look...

101 Events in Background World History

YearKey Events
1896William Jennings Bryan [D] loses U.S. election to William McKinley [R]
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HeTkT5-w5RA 
1896Large-scale gold mining in South Africa's Witwatersrand
http://www.mindat.org/photo-158996.html
1899Start of the Boer War
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Rvz6O1vPWU
1901Assassination of McKinley; Theodore Roosevelt becomes President of the United States
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/pnp/cph/3a00000/3a08000/3a08600/3a08686r.jpg
1905U.S. Supreme Court decides Lochner case: Constitution held to enact Herbert Spencers's “social statics”
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/capitalism/landmark_lochner.html
1910Start of Mexican Revolution
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lbUw_GCskog&feature=PlayList&p=BF8C75DD02E5CE25&index=0&playnext=1
1911Overthrow of the Qing Dynasty; declaration of the Chinese Republic
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Xh1.jpg
1912Theodore Roosevelt splits Republican Party; Woodrow Wilson [D] elected President of the United States
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yb30L-NmKjo
1914Start of World War I: France, Britain, Italy (from 1915), Russia (until 1917), and America (from 1917) vs. Germany, Austria, Turkey
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kZPiaSYmj_4&feature=related
1917Kerensky's Russian Revolution
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mMGrIwLj7gU
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QdpEaPxNW0g&feature=related
1917Lenin's Russian Revolution in October (really November)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iGE6T3SRNAs
1918End of World War I; overthrow of the German Emperor (“Kaiser”); establishment of the “Weimar Republic”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ABZcclM38jo&feature=PlayList&p=240BAFEB607EFFE1&index=27
http://www.history.stir.ac.uk/img/site-images/flagofweimar.jpg
1919Communist uprising in Germany: “Spartikist Rebellion”
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bundesarchiv_Bild_102-00540A,_Berlin,_Revolutionskämpfe.jpg
1919Treaty of Versailles to settle affairs after World War I
http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2008/11/13/VersaillesLeaders460.jpg
1919Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J-wKcDkpqHE
1921Lenin adopts the “New Economic Policy”: a small-scale return to the market
http://faculty.unlv.edu/pwerth/NEP-Lenin.jpg
1922Mussolini marches on Rome; establishes first fascist regime
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4mF4ZjJ88wU
1923French and Belgian troops occupy Germany's Ruhr Valley to try to force reparations payments
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jUa5h6C4-j4
1923End of German hyperinflation: $1 = 4,000,000,000,000 RM
http://dakiniland.files.wordpress.com/2009/05/inflation-1923.jpg
1923German World War I General Erich Ludendorff and Adolf Hitler attempt coup--”Beer Hall Putsch”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J-BjUFV-aPs&feature=PlayList&p=7C19E39CBB61FAE2&index=8
1924Death of Lenin
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YJU5H7sqQTc
1925Death of Sun Yatsen
http://nhs.needham.k12.ma.us/cur/Baker_00/2001_p6/baker_js_p6/Intro.jpg
1925Great Britain returns to the gold standard
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_wmz32xeNKtU/SpldujLl5vI/AAAAAAAABJE/FP0tn7TdKkg/s400/British+Pound+1900-1939+chart.PNG
1926General Strike in Great Britain
http://unionbadges.files.wordpress.com/2008/11/british_worker.jpg
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nOal1HYlRag
1927Chiang Kaishek's Kuomintang double-crosses his Communist allies; massacres in Shanghai
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5sa3qY4m1Ps
1927Stalin expels Trotsky, Zinoviev, and Kamenev from the Communist Party
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jfmSPYDb0FQ
1928Chiang Kaishek launches “Northern Expedition”
http://www.coverbrowser.com/image/time/563-1.jpg
1928Launching of first Five Year Plan in the Soviet Union
1929http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oXGThPeOJu4
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S69s8YyJMlM
Drive to “collectivize” agriculture in the Soviet Union: start of terror-famine in the Ukraine
http://pmeyer.web.wesleyan.edu/206/Derevnia.jpg
http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/RM3.S.FACE.OF.FAM.JPG
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K2sugMM9y3Q&feature=related
1929The Wall Street stock market crash; start of the Great Depression
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IWrX6kC9Nhs
1930Gandhi's “Salt March”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dsBHeBXt5Qk
1931German Social Democratic Party rejects proposals to plan a “New Deal” for Germany
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/GERhilferding.JPG
1932Election of Franklin Delano Roosevelt in the United States
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oblTN1ojsAA&feature=PlayList&p=89F9180242B853AD&index=2
1933Adolf Hitler becomes the last Chancellor of Germany's Weimar Republic
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Q-6H4xOUrs
1933Worst year of the Great Depression
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MZHEkU__Ijw
1934Start of Mao Zedong's “Long March”
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Chinese_civil_way_map_03.jpg
1935Franklin Delano Roosevelt proposes and congress passes the Social Security Act
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aVZijG4WSOw
1935Franklin Delano Roosevelt proposes and congress passes the National Labor Relations Act
http://explorepahistory.com/displayimage.php?imgId=4594
1936Francisco Franco attempts to overthrow Spanish Republic: start of Spanish Civil War
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=atynzDwSbuo&feature=related
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/7/74/PicassoGuernica.jpg
1937U.S. Supreme Court surprisingly declares NLRA constitutional: “the switch in time that saved nine”
http://www.boston.com/news/globe/ideas/articles/2005/12/04/supreme_switch/
1937Marco Polo Bridge “incident”; start of World War II in Asia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lugou_battle.jpg
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NB2qDwAlxw4
1939Final victory by Franco in Spanish Civil War
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jBhejsi9Z1c
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HX_-faiNTVU
1939Start of World War II in Europe; Nazi Soviet pact; Nazi invasion of Poland
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7CmFT0YA2nY
1940Fall of Denmark, Norway, France to Nazis
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eq4RwuWnK_k
1941Nazi invasion of Soviet Union
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0BNucqbm_ZY
1941Imperial Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3VqQAf74fsE
1942“The End of the Beginning”: Battles of Midway, Guadalcanal, El Alamein, “Operation Torch”, and—most of all--”Operation Uranus”: Stalingrad
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zhdHZIj76WE&feature=related
http://econc10.bu.edu/economic_systems/NatIdentity/images/stalingrad_5.jpg
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uXNrYoO-7qU&feature=related
1944Bretton Woods conference: agreement to found the IMF and World Bank
http://www.imf.org/external/np/arc/eng/fa/BWC/s5.htm
1945Yalta and Potsdam Conferences shape post-World War II world; Germany partitioned
http://students.umf.maine.edu/~devkota/Yalta%20Conference.jpg
1945Labour Party first wins majority in British House of Commons
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Attlee_BW_cropped.jpg
1945Death of Franklin Delano Roosevelt; Harry S Truman becomes President of the United States
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4kQZQAAEBFU&feature=PlayList&p=F4FA9C7B6C60E4DA&index=16&playnext=2&playnext_from=PL
1945U.S. atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/47/91847-004-669368AC.jpg
1947Harry S Truman begins the Cold War with the “Truman Doctrine”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wmQD_W8Pcxg
1947Britain grants independence to India and Pakistan
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G5X7LzTrLYU
1947George Marshall proposes the “Marshall Plan”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lUd2W6aMng4
1948Stalinist coup in Czechoslovakia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Edvard_Beneš.jpg
1948

1948
Israel founded.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nNWgfei6wO8
Stalin expels Yugoslavia from the Cominform
http://img.timeinc.net/time/magazine/archive/covers/1955/1101550606_400.jpg
1949Proclamation of the People's Republic of China
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:PRCFounding.jpg
1950Stalin slips Kim Il Sung's leash: the Korean War begins
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b4hkUFriyFU
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/51/Korean_War_bombing_Wonsan.jpg
1951Treaty of Paris creates the European Coal and Steel Community
http://ec.europa.eu/avservices/download/photo_download_en.cfm?id=13630&type=4
1954U.S. Supreme Court decides Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, KS
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TTGHLdr-iak&feature=related
1956Khruschchev's "Secret Speech" denouncing Joseph Stalin
http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/22/85222-004-B1564EDD.jpg
1956Israel, France, and Britain attack Egypt
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=in_N6gv_CWU
1956Hungarian revolt against the Soviet Union
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CKcm4OqzpwU
1957Treaty of Rome creates the European Economic Community of “the six”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ptJqwWqKq4M
1958Mao Zedong launches Great Leap forward
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=efBQKHOfW60
1959Lushan Plenum in China: “Disgrace” of Marshal Peng Dehuai
http://www.paulnoll.com/Korea/War/Marshal-Peng-Dehuai.jpg
1961Construction of Berlin Wall
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nch5MbnvTqY
1962Cuban Missile Crisis
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W50RNAbmy3M
1963Assassination of John F. Kennedy; Lyndon Johnson becomes President of the United States
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TpicOfFajNE&feature=related
1964Civil Rights Act in the United States
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q11kvbJy0cs
1964Overthrow of Nikita Khrushchev; replacement by Leonid Brezhnev
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DfpKYWY_zg8
1964Gulf of Tonkin “incident” off coast of Vietnam
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rd6zKqGcaOM
1964Barry Goldwater runs for President on a non-RINO platform: destruction of Republican congressional power
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k7kdLEjb9gM
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tf-MEdAPhYA&feature=related
1965Lyndon Johnson uses overwhelming congressional majorities for Medicare, Medicaid, Voting Rights Act
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=opFYzLnC9hs
1965Overthrow of Sukarno in Indonesia; massacres of Indonesian Communists (and many others); rise of Suharto
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N-07wttSEx4
1966Mao Zedong launches Cultural Revolution
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_44Q_k2WxvE
1973First “Oil Shock”: Syria and Egypt attack Israel on Yom Kippur
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-66seomf2K4
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M22osf0vzrI
http://www.theoildrum.com/uploads/12/oil_price_1945_2005.png
1974Resignation of U.S. President Richard Nixon
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F7dtRDQrV6c
1975Fall of South Vietnam
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oVDF2aQpYZc
1975Indira Gandhi declares “emergency”
http://www.indianexpress.com/ie/daily/20000713/e1.htm
1975Death of Mao Zedong
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0XeegyVkGm0
1978The “Southern Expedition” of Deng Xiaoping
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R0lwKlMFmZY
1979Margaret Thatcher becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oK3eP9rh4So
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EEPTjLl2Af8&feature=related
1979Khomeini's Iranian Revolution
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IlVOLSVS8yI
1981Ronald Reagan becomes President of the United States
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hpPt7xGx4Xo
1982The “Volcker Deflation”: deepest post-World War II global recession (until now)
http://econ161.berkeley.edu/movable_type/2003_archives/002736.html
http://dailycandor.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/paul-volcker.jpg
1985Mikhail Gorbachev comes to power in the Soviet Union: “glasnost” and “perestroika”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=595W4JJHa2U
1985Rajiv Gandhi takes first steps toward dismantling the License Raj
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/gallery/2007/may/09/india?picture=329818396
1989Fall of the Berlin Wall
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wnYXbJ_bcLc
1989Tien an Men Square massacre
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XJBnHMpHGRY&feature=PlayList&p=9EB1A4E767FD73C7&playnext=1&playnext_from=PL&index=5
1991End of the Soviet Union
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j-2kx549Mf0
1993William J. Clinton becomes President of the United States—only the second Democratic president since 1968
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2SWjIPwm954
1993U.S., Canada, and Mexico ratify NAFTA
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HX8An-jSfFU
1994Mexican peso crisis
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hTWLEhlq1cQ
1998

1999
East Asian financial crisis
http://www.j-bradford-delong.net/movable_type/images2/2002-09-26-Asia_cap_flows.gif
Vladimir Putin becomes Acting President of the Russian Federation
http://www.topnews.in/files/putin_0.jpg
2000Collapse of the dot-com bubble
http://www.stock-market-crash.net/images/nasdaq-bubble.gif
2001George W. Bush becomes President of the United States
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rXzgMdj5urs
2008Failures of Bear Stearns, Lehman Brothers, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, AIG; start of largest post-World War II economic recession
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gNUILhofHNA

Author: Josh Hausman.

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