Econ 115: Fall 2009: Lecture Audio Files: Before World War I
links for 2009-09-18

Background in World History for Econ 115: 101 Events and 101 Videos/Pictures

You should know all about these *before* you start taking this course--but if you don't, take a look...

101 Events in Background World History

YearKey Events
1896William Jennings Bryan [D] loses U.S. election to William McKinley [R] 
1896Large-scale gold mining in South Africa's Witwatersrand
1899Start of the Boer War
1901Assassination of McKinley; Theodore Roosevelt becomes President of the United States
1905U.S. Supreme Court decides Lochner case: Constitution held to enact Herbert Spencers's “social statics”
1910Start of Mexican Revolution
1911Overthrow of the Qing Dynasty; declaration of the Chinese Republic
1912Theodore Roosevelt splits Republican Party; Woodrow Wilson [D] elected President of the United States
1914Start of World War I: France, Britain, Italy (from 1915), Russia (until 1917), and America (from 1917) vs. Germany, Austria, Turkey
1917Kerensky's Russian Revolution
1917Lenin's Russian Revolution in October (really November)
1918End of World War I; overthrow of the German Emperor (“Kaiser”); establishment of the “Weimar Republic”
1919Communist uprising in Germany: “Spartikist Rebellion”,_Berlin,_Revolutionskämpfe.jpg
1919Treaty of Versailles to settle affairs after World War I
1919Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
1921Lenin adopts the “New Economic Policy”: a small-scale return to the market
1922Mussolini marches on Rome; establishes first fascist regime
1923French and Belgian troops occupy Germany's Ruhr Valley to try to force reparations payments
1923End of German hyperinflation: $1 = 4,000,000,000,000 RM
1923German World War I General Erich Ludendorff and Adolf Hitler attempt coup--”Beer Hall Putsch”
1924Death of Lenin
1925Death of Sun Yatsen
1925Great Britain returns to the gold standard
1926General Strike in Great Britain
1927Chiang Kaishek's Kuomintang double-crosses his Communist allies; massacres in Shanghai
1927Stalin expels Trotsky, Zinoviev, and Kamenev from the Communist Party
1928Chiang Kaishek launches “Northern Expedition”
1928Launching of first Five Year Plan in the Soviet Union
Drive to “collectivize” agriculture in the Soviet Union: start of terror-famine in the Ukraine
1929The Wall Street stock market crash; start of the Great Depression
1930Gandhi's “Salt March”
1931German Social Democratic Party rejects proposals to plan a “New Deal” for Germany
1932Election of Franklin Delano Roosevelt in the United States
1933Adolf Hitler becomes the last Chancellor of Germany's Weimar Republic
1933Worst year of the Great Depression
1934Start of Mao Zedong's “Long March”
1935Franklin Delano Roosevelt proposes and congress passes the Social Security Act
1935Franklin Delano Roosevelt proposes and congress passes the National Labor Relations Act
1936Francisco Franco attempts to overthrow Spanish Republic: start of Spanish Civil War
1937U.S. Supreme Court surprisingly declares NLRA constitutional: “the switch in time that saved nine”
1937Marco Polo Bridge “incident”; start of World War II in Asia
1939Final victory by Franco in Spanish Civil War
1939Start of World War II in Europe; Nazi Soviet pact; Nazi invasion of Poland
1940Fall of Denmark, Norway, France to Nazis
1941Nazi invasion of Soviet Union
1941Imperial Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
1942“The End of the Beginning”: Battles of Midway, Guadalcanal, El Alamein, “Operation Torch”, and—most of all--”Operation Uranus”: Stalingrad
1944Bretton Woods conference: agreement to found the IMF and World Bank
1945Yalta and Potsdam Conferences shape post-World War II world; Germany partitioned
1945Labour Party first wins majority in British House of Commons
1945Death of Franklin Delano Roosevelt; Harry S Truman becomes President of the United States
1945U.S. atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
1947Harry S Truman begins the Cold War with the “Truman Doctrine”
1947Britain grants independence to India and Pakistan
1947George Marshall proposes the “Marshall Plan”
1948Stalinist coup in Czechoslovakiaš.jpg

Israel founded.
Stalin expels Yugoslavia from the Cominform
1949Proclamation of the People's Republic of China
1950Stalin slips Kim Il Sung's leash: the Korean War begins
1951Treaty of Paris creates the European Coal and Steel Community
1954U.S. Supreme Court decides Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, KS
1956Khruschchev's "Secret Speech" denouncing Joseph Stalin
1956Israel, France, and Britain attack Egypt
1956Hungarian revolt against the Soviet Union
1957Treaty of Rome creates the European Economic Community of “the six”
1958Mao Zedong launches Great Leap forward
1959Lushan Plenum in China: “Disgrace” of Marshal Peng Dehuai
1961Construction of Berlin Wall
1962Cuban Missile Crisis
1963Assassination of John F. Kennedy; Lyndon Johnson becomes President of the United States
1964Civil Rights Act in the United States
1964Overthrow of Nikita Khrushchev; replacement by Leonid Brezhnev
1964Gulf of Tonkin “incident” off coast of Vietnam
1964Barry Goldwater runs for President on a non-RINO platform: destruction of Republican congressional power
1965Lyndon Johnson uses overwhelming congressional majorities for Medicare, Medicaid, Voting Rights Act
1965Overthrow of Sukarno in Indonesia; massacres of Indonesian Communists (and many others); rise of Suharto
1966Mao Zedong launches Cultural Revolution
1973First “Oil Shock”: Syria and Egypt attack Israel on Yom Kippur
1974Resignation of U.S. President Richard Nixon
1975Fall of South Vietnam
1975Indira Gandhi declares “emergency”
1975Death of Mao Zedong
1978The “Southern Expedition” of Deng Xiaoping
1979Margaret Thatcher becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain
1979Khomeini's Iranian Revolution
1981Ronald Reagan becomes President of the United States
1982The “Volcker Deflation”: deepest post-World War II global recession (until now)
1985Mikhail Gorbachev comes to power in the Soviet Union: “glasnost” and “perestroika”
1985Rajiv Gandhi takes first steps toward dismantling the License Raj
1989Fall of the Berlin Wall
1989Tien an Men Square massacre
1991End of the Soviet Union
1993William J. Clinton becomes President of the United States—only the second Democratic president since 1968
1993U.S., Canada, and Mexico ratify NAFTA
1994Mexican peso crisis

East Asian financial crisis
Vladimir Putin becomes Acting President of the Russian Federation
2000Collapse of the dot-com bubble
2001George W. Bush becomes President of the United States
2008Failures of Bear Stearns, Lehman Brothers, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, AIG; start of largest post-World War II economic recession

Author: Josh Hausman.